Cambridge University’s Institute for Manufacturing (IfM) has produced a new guide to show how other companies can follow in their footsteps.
The report, “How to Implement Open Innovation”, is the result of a two-year study of some of the world’s leading firms and can be downloaded from the IfM's website.
The research team looked at more than 30 major companies from a variety of sectors, including energy, aerospace and defence, software and media, electronics and telecommunications.
It is thought that open innovation could be a way of improving a firm’s ability to create and capture value, by improving the rate and quality of innovation.
Rather than relying on internal resources firms share knowledge and technologies with other companies in a bid to create new commercial opportunities
Report co-author Dr Letizia Mortara, of the IfM’s Centre for Technology Management (CTM), described its purpose: “While Open Innovation is a relatively new phenomenon, it has started to gain traction in businesses across a range of sectors. We wanted to try and find out if there was a framework or guide for other firms to implement Open Innovation and to understand what people involved in its adoption did on a day-to-day basis.
“Philips is a good illustration of OI implementation; it created incubation processes to carry out research into ideas which do not immediately fit within existing businesses, but in time could lead to the introduction of new products.
“But Philips is not the only firm to embrace OI, and others have adopted interesting approaches. Our study provides an overview of a range of current practice and illustrates the challenges firms may face when attempting to implement OI.”
Fellow author Dr Tim Minshall, a senior lecturer at CTM, said: “Open Innovation has already shown it can help firms cope with emerging challenges and create new opportunities
“While not a panacea to all business problems, it can be a positive process. We think the report offers an overview of existing approaches to OI and an outline of how to implement it and some of the main obstacles that need to be overcome.”
Among the guidance contained within the report is how companies can build an open innovation culture, how to develop the necessary skills within the business and how to motivate employees.
Dr Minshall added: “While each company will face different challenges and will have different reasons for pursuing open innovation, the report offers a framework which can be tailored to their needs.”
The report was written by Dr Mortara, Dr Minshall, and Johann Napp of the IfM and Imke Slacik now of McKinsey and Co.